Methods to treat toenail fungus.

Toenail fungus is a common dermatological condition that is diagnosed in almost one in five people. Mycosis of the feet (onychomycosis) is caused by damage to the nails or feet by a fungus: red trichophyton. Molds and candida often join colonies of trichophyton. The causes of the appearance of the disease can be abrasions, wounds, cuts and calluses on the legs, irregular hygienic care of the feet, taking antibiotics and other drugs, excessive sweating of the feet, weak immunity and other factors.

The doctor performs a diagnostic examination of the toenails of the patient with onychomycosis.

Externally, nail fungus manifests itself as discoloration and thickening of the nails, which can lead to their destruction or crumbling. Fungi are found between the base and the nail plate, giving the nail plate a white, gray, yellow, brown, sometimes green or black tint.

The doctor individually determines the tactics and treatment regimen for nail fungus, taking into account the location, distribution and severity of the fungal lesions, the duration of the disease and the presence of concomitant diseases.

As a result of the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi, toxic substances accumulate in the human body. They are transported with the bloodstream, which causes a deterioration of metabolic processes and an increase in the organism's susceptibility to the influence of external factors. A long course of onychomycosis can cause the development of allergic reactions, exacerbation of chronic pathologies and weaken the immune system.

To avoid serious complications, when the first symptoms of toenail fungus are found, consult a doctor who will prescribe an appropriate treatment.

Toenail fungus treatment methods

To prescribe an effective therapeutic regimen, it is important to determine the cause of the mycosis and the type of fungus. To do this, the doctor collects clinical data during the consultation, prescribes a cultural and microscopic examination of scrapings from the affected nail. In some cases, an analysis of a nail particle and a PCR diagnosis are prescribed.

On average, therapy for mycosis of the foot lasts 3 to 6 months. Taking into account the nature and spread of the fungal lesions, the severity of the clinical manifestations and the type of pathogen, therapy for foot fungus may include hardware treatment of the feet, taking systemic medications, using local medications and observe a series of preventive measures.

Toenail fungus laser treatment.

Previously, the treatment of onychomycosis was carried out by radical methods: the affected nail was removed using a surgical method, after which a long period of rehabilitation began. Thanks to the development of modern technologies, today laser hardware nail processing is used to treat fungal lesions. With lasers, the doctor can remove only the affected areas of the nail without damaging the healthy tissue. Compared to surgical removal, foot fungus laser therapy is characterized by minimal postoperative complications and a short recovery period.

Removal of the nail plate by the hardware method is prescribed when more than 40% of the surface is affected. The number of laser therapy sessions is individually determined by the doctor.

After laser exposure, the nail plate, as it grows, must be treated with special local preparations. Immunomodulators and antibacterial agents may also be prescribed.

Preparations and remedies for the treatment of toenail fungus.

Therapy of the initial stages of mycosis, when less than 40% of the nail plate is affected, is carried out with external drugs (solutions, varnishes, ointments, gels, creams). To achieve the desired results, it is important to adhere to the prescribed regimen and dosage of the drug.

The choice of an external agent for the treatment of mycosis of the legs is made taking into account the location of the fungal lesions and the type of skin. Dry skin is treated with high-fat preparations. Ointments are prescribed for the plants and suspensions for the spaces between the fingers. Also, mycosis of the feet is treated with special varnishes and creams. In order for the remedies to penetrate the nail better, the affected nail plate is removed (as indicated).

After 2 weeks of treatment, the external drug should be changed to another, since during this period the fungal infection has become resistant to the drug used. For nail growth, the doctor prescribes special drugs that should be used to treat the affected area for about a year. If the interdigital spaces or the feet are damaged by mycosis, ointments are used for a month.

To achieve successful results, local therapy is combined with systemic therapy. In this case, the patient is prescribed antifungal and immunostimulating drugs. The effectiveness of taking systemic drugs will depend on adherence to the rules of the prescribed treatment regimen. The choice of drug and its dosage are determined by the doctor individually.

Local drug therapy alone is prescribed in the presence of restrictions in the intake of systemic drugs and in the early stages of fungal lesions.

Prevention and recommendations after complex treatment of toenail fungus.

If the therapeutic action scheme was selected correctly, the mycosis does not return. Since the further development of the disease is due to reinfection, the most effective treatment for toenail fungus is its prevention.

To avoid reinfection with the fungus and achieve maximum therapy results, the following recommendations should be followed:

  • Treat all places where fungi can stay with antibacterial drugs;
  • Disinfect the bottom and walls of the bathtub with special means;
  • Change house slippers and treat slippers, shoes, boots and other footwear with UV rays or a special agent;
  • Thoroughly wash and iron bedding, towels, stockings, and socks;
  • Disinfect manicure supplies;
  • Use personal hygiene items in public places (gym, swimming pool);
  • Regularly check the condition of the feet.

Self-medication of onychomycosis can lead to the appearance of adverse complications, therefore, if you find the first signs of nail fungus, contact a competent specialist.